BASEMENT

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Basement logo.png

Quick summary

Figure 1: Combination of 1D and 2D models in BASEMENT (source: VAW).
Figure 2: Graphical user interface of BASEMENT (source: VAW) (click to enlarge).
Figure 3: Visualization of BASEMENT results with QGIS plugin Crayfish (source: VAW) (click to enlarge).

Developed by: Laboratory of hydraulics, hydrology and glaciology (VAW) of ETH Zurich

Date: May 2018 (Version 2.8)

Type: Tool

Introduction

BASEMENT (BAsic Simulation EnvironMENT) is a numerical software for the simulation of hydro- and morphodynamics in rivers. The main motivation for the development of the software is to provide a powerful user-friendly tool that facilitates basic applications for practitioners as well as advanced model configurations for research. The underlying one- and two-dimensional models are based on the Saint-Venant equations for the hydrodynamics, the Exner-Hirano equations for bed load transport and an advection-diffusion approach with source terms for suspended sediment transport. Mentionable special features of the software are arbitrary combinations of 1D and 2D model domains (Figure 1), a PID controller for various monitoring values and the use of an unstructured dual-mesh to improve topographic accuracy.

Application

The 1D model of BASEMENT is based on river cross sections and its main application are river reaches where the level of detail is less important. The 2D model uses a triangular computational grid to reproduce the topography and can be applied to more detailed and complex problems than the 1D model, e.g. the inundation or river bar formation. BASEMENT supports Windows as well as Linux platforms and includes a graphical user interface (GUI) which supports the user during the model setup and simulation process (Figure 2). For grid generation, the QGIS plugin BASEmesh is provided by the developers and for visualization of the results, among others, the QGIS plugin Crayfish (QGIS 2.8) from Lutra Consulting (https://www.lutraconsulting.co.uk) can be used (Figure 3).

Relevant mitigation measures and test cases

Relevant measures
Baffle fishways
Bottom-type intakes (Coanda screen, Lepine water intake, etc)
Bypass combined with other solutions
By-passing sediments
Cleaning of substrate - ripping, ploughing and flushing
Complete or partial migration barrier removal
Construction of a 'river-in-the-river'
Construction of off-channel habitats
Drawdown reservoir flushing
Environmental design of embankments and erosion protection
Fish guidance structures with narrow bar spacing
Mechanical removal of fine sediments (dredging)
Migration barrier removal
Minimizing sediment arrival to reservoir
Mitigating rapid, short-term variations in flow (hydro-peaking operations)
Mitigating reduced annual flow and low flow measures
Mitigating reduced flood peaks, magnitudes, and frequency
Nature-like fishways
Off-channel reservoir storage
Operational measures (turbine operations, spillway passage)
Other types of fine screens
Placement of spawning gravel in the river
Placement of stones in the river
Pool-type fishways
Removal of weirs
Restoration of the riparian zone vegetation
Sediment sluicing
Relevant test cases Applied in test case?
Altheim test case -
Altusried test case -
Bannwil test case -
Freudenau test case -
Gotein test case -
Günz test case -
Ham test case -
Las Rives test case -
Schiffmühle test case -
Trois Villes test case -

Other information

In addition to the use on regular Windows and Linux workstations, the upcoming version 3.0 of BASEMENT (March 2019) is designed to run on graphical processing units (GPUs) and distributed memory computer clusters allowing engineers to tackle problems with very large computational domains or long simulation time.

Relevant literature

  • Vetsch D., Siviglia A., Caponi F., Ehrbar D., Gerke E., Kammerer S., Koch A., Peter S., Vanzo D., Vonwiller L., Facchini M., Gerber M., Volz C., Farshi D., Mueller R., Rousselot P., Veprek R., Faeh R. 2018. System Manuals of BASEMENT, Version 2.8. Laboratory of Hydraulics, Glaciology and Hydrology (VAW). ETH Zurich. Available from http://www.basement.ethz.ch.

Contact information

Website (download, tutorials, etc.): http://www.basement.ethz.ch

Email: basement@ethz.ch